AskDefine | Define antistrophe

Dictionary Definition

antistrophe n : the section of a choral ode answering a previous strophe in classical Greek drama; the second of two metrically corresponding sections in a poem

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

From Latin, from Greek: to turn to the opposite side; against + to turn. See strophe.

Noun

antistrophe
  1. In Greek choruses and dances, the returning of the chorus, exactly answering to a previous strophe or movement from right to left. Hence: The lines of this part of the choral song.
  2. (Rhet) The repetition of words in an inverse order; as, the master of the servant and the servant of the master.
  3. The retort or turning of an adversary's plea against him.

Extensive Definition

Antistrophe (Greek αντιστροφή, turn back) is the portion of an ode sung by the chorus in its returning movement from west to east, in response to the strophe, which was sung from east to west.
It has the nature of a reply and balances the effect of the strophe. Thus, Gray's ode called "The Progress of Poesy," the strophe, which dwelt in triumphant accents on the beauty, power and ecstasy verse, is answered by the antistrophe, in a depressed and melancholy key:
"Man's feeble race what ills await,
Labour, and Penury, the racks of Pain ,
Disease and Sorrow's weeping Train,
And Death, sad refuge from the storms of Fate," etc.
When the sections of the chorus have ended their responses, they unite and close in the epode, thus exemplifying the triple m in which the ancient sacred hymns of Greece were coined, from the days of Stesichorus onwards. As Milton says, "strophe, antistrophe and epode were a kind of stanza framed for the music then used with the chorus that sang."
Antistrophe was also a kind of ancient dance, wherein dancers stepped sometimes to the right, and sometimes to the left, still doubling their turns or conversions. The motion toward the left, they called antistrophe, from ὰντὶ, "against", and στροφὴ, of στρέφω, "I turn".

References

  • Greek Grammar

External links

antistrophe in Italian: Antistrofe
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